The target of this summer school is to give to students interested in robotics, flexible automation, intelligent automation, self-organizing systems a real picture of the state of art and development trends. The clear and sharp border between dreams and illusions and engineer´s reality in those fields will be explained in detail. For each field will be explained: background – why, how, when and where development started; actual development trends; illusions and expectations; challenges and risks, limitations, disappointment, dreams and reality.
Main school topics include: Philosophy of technology; Robots; Flexible Manufacturing Systems; Intelligent Manufacturing Systems (IMS); Flexible Assembly Systems; Self-organizing Production/Assembly Systems; Industry 4.0; Artificial Intelligence.
Course consists of 17 lectures, which include topics described below:
1. Philosophy of technology.
Planet Earth. Life. Homo sapiens. Science and Technology. Characteristics and abilities of engineers. Three principles of the development of technology. Three forms: mass, energy and information. Line of scientific and technological development through history. Industrial revolution. Education of engineers. Personal development of student to develop abilities of one engineer.
Idea of robots through the history. Development of modern industrial robotics. Structure and functions of one industrial robot. Control system, sensors, manipulator. End effectors. Kinematics. Dynamics. Typical applications of industrial robots. Step-by-step process of design of one industrial robot. Robots and humans. Different scenarios for the future of robotics and human beings. AI and robots.
3. Flexible Manufacturing Systems (FMS).
History of FMS. Different aspects and definitions of flexibility. Step-by-step process of design of FMS. Role of robots and humans in FMS. Logistical analysis of system components. Logistical synthesis of FMS. FMS design targets and strategies. Working scenarios. Control software: modules and functions. FMS and role and responsibilities of humans.
4. Intelligent Manufacturing Systems (IMS).
IMS are FMS which are increasing their efficiency in the next working step using intelligence. Efficiency can be increased in three ways: Using of experience from the past working on the same or similar problems; using systemized knowledge and real time adapting to the actual state of the system and environment.
5. Flexible Assembly Systems (FAS).
History of FAS. Different aspects and definitions of flexibility. Step-by-step process of design of FAS. Role of robots and humans in FMS. Logistical analysis of system components. Logistical synthesis of FAS. FAS design targets and strategies. Working scenarios. Control software: modules and functions. FAS and role and responsibilities of humans.
6. Self-organizing Production/Assembly Systems (SOS).
Self-organization as basic natural phenomena. Step-by-step process of design of SOS. Role of robots and humans in SOS. Logistical analysis of system components. Logistical synthesis of SOS. SOS design targets and strategies. Working scenarios. Hybrid control structure of SOS: centralized subordinated on the higher control level and self-organizing at the shop floor level. Strategies for the solving of conflict situations between subordinating – centralized and self-organizing part of SOS. Control software: modules and functions. SOS and role and responsibilities of humans.
7. Industry 4.0.
Development of IT during last decades bring us very interesting and, in the field of IT, very successful solutions. The idea is to overflow this concepts and solutions in all other fields of technology and organization of society in the hope on significant benefits. The expectations of Industry 4.0 are extremely high. Industry 4.0 is not telling what to do, but suggesting what ever you do, you will have bigger chances to success if: Your solutions are possible to integrate in bigger soft- or hardware structure: Use flexibility; Apply intelligence; Introduce self-organization; Networking; Target oriented; Sensors; Wireless communication; Man centered solutions. Critical discussion about possibilities and limitations will be presented. Industry 4.0 is one of many future explaining trends in the history of technology. All those trends have their expectations and realizations, begin and end. Expectations, hopes and wishes are much higher than realization. Before one trend finish the next is ready to start this story again and again. In the lecture we will critically explain what is Industry 4.0: Background, Aims, Trends, Possibilities and Limitations, Strategies and Illusions
8. Artificial Intelligence.
Artificial Intelligence is probably the most misused word in the world today. There are natural intelligence and machine intelligence, which is wrong named as artificial. Natural and artificial intelligence are two totally different subjects – they can not be compared. (Aristoteles: the biggest mistake you can make is, when two different things you are treating as equal.). In the lecture we will critically explain what is Artificial Intelligence: Background, Aims, Trends, Possibilities and Limitations, Strategies, Illusions and Reality. Role of AI in robotics and automation. AI is a tool of engineers and never will be the master of engineers.